The life cycle
When the right conditions of moisture and temperature are created the mushroom produces the fruit bodies. Truffles are for all practical purposes the “fruit” of the mushroom and inside they contain the spores, through which the mushroom propagates.
Truffles are formed by an outer wall called peridium which can be smooth and light coloured, as in the case of the prized white truffle or dark and with wart-like features, as in the case of the summer Scorzone. Inside the truffle is the gleba which contains the spores.
The colour can also vary from white to hazelnut brown or to purplish black depending on the species. In suitable conditions the spores are able to produce a new mycelium.
It will coat the root tips, guaranteeing reproduction of the mushroom.
Living totally underground these mushrooms have had to develop a strategy which would allow the spores to spread as much as possible, increasing the probabilities that some would find themselves in the suitable conditions to germinate.
It is here that the intense perfume emitted by the truffles plays an essential role.
It is no coincidence that we are attracted in an almost irresistible way and, like us, dogs, foxes, mice and moles, to finish with different species of insects… The truffle “wants” to be eaten because this is how it spreads its spores throughout the environment.